The area upon which the winery’s vineyards stand is made up of Villafranchian sand and clay, characterized by high diversity. The terrain is born from the stratigraphy of continental sediments from the late Cenozoic period. As such, the physical and chemical aspects of the terrain can vary within just a few hundred metres, switching from clay and limestone to more acidic sandy soil.
This has resulted in the need for an accurate zoning plan, capable of making the most of the grapevine cultivation. The renewal of the winery’s vineyards has always been based on both innovation and tradition, selecting the best possible combinations of grape varieties, rootstock and clones. Red grape varieties, above all Sangiovese, Canaiolo, Syrah, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon, prefer more alkaline soils rich in clay, since these allow them to mature more slowly. This is due to the terrain’s elevated water reserves and its higher calcium content, which thickens the skins of grapes, thus also increasing their anthocyanin content. The looser and thinner parcels of land, on the other hand, are occupied by white grape varieties, such as Pinot Blanc, Sauvignon, Semillon, Roussanne, Vermentino, Viognier, Chardonnay and Trebbiano Toscano, in order to provide for a higher mineral content. In particular, the terrain of the Cercatoia areas, “the historical vineyards of Montecarlo”, is more complex and is generally made up of clay soil with a medium texture; these areas are mainly situated in a hilly environment with Southerly – South-Westerly exposure, about 80 meters above sea level. The Corte Collodi area, on the other hand, is comprised of flat and more stony terrain, with occasional pebbles, which is particularly rich in magnesium. Based on their grape varieties, the vineyards have different orientations and are all situated at 35 meters above sea level.